LESSON 2


Objectives: To discuss the different types of flight itineraries. To explore a variety of availability formats. To identify the formats for encoding and decoding cities, airports, and airlines. A list of codes is given at the end of this lesson.

Itineraries: Non-stop, direct, connection, open jaw and point-to-point.
1. Nonstop flights go from point of origin to destination with no stops
2. Direct flights make one or more stops but the passenger does not need to change planes
3. In an open jaw itinerary, the passenger returns out of a different city than he flew into
(e.g. New York to Los Angeles and San Francisco back to new York). The portion in
middle is called a “land segment”. (In the example, LA to SFO is a land segment.)
4. A point to point itinerary involves more than the two destinations of a round-trip flight.
(e.g. New York to Chicago Chicago to Denver Denver to LA LA to New York)
Please note that Chicago, Denver, and LA are actual destinations and not connecting cities.

Availabilty: In lesson one you learned the basic format to pull up airline availability (e.g.114APRBWIORD asks for flight availability on the 14th of April from Baltimore Washington International to Chicago O’Hare). An availabilty screen only shows a maximum of 6 lines on a screen. To see more of what you originally requested, the format is:

1*

You may continue to enter 1* for more flight availability. If you wish to request more specific information, or change the original request, there are a number of timesavers that may be used. Listed below are the basic availabilty formats and availability timesavers:

Format

Function Example  

Display City Pair Availability

(CPA) 125APRDFWLAX9A
Displays more availability
1*
Redisplay original availability screen
1*OA
Redisplay most recent avail. screen
1*R
Return CPA - same day
1R
Return CPA - different date
1R13MAY5P

Return CPA - specifying # of days (max. 30)

1R?7 or 1R-7
Availability date change forward (max. 30)
1CL1
Availability date change backward (max. 30)
1-1
Availability date change
121JUN
Request alternate time
1*12N
Request direct flights
1/D
Display City Pair Availability by arrival time
115AUGDFWMIA/8A
Request availability for direct flights only
15OCTJFKMIA9A/D
Request availability specifying connecting city
126MARBOSLAX9AORD
Change connecting city
1DTW
Change departure city
1*DLAX
Change arrival city
1*AJFK
Change entire city pair
1*DFWLAX
City Pair Availability for a specific carrier (airline)
18MARJFKLAXCLAA
Entry to return to all carriers
1CLALL

 

Encoding and Decoding: Sabre uses two and three letter codes for cities, airports, airlines, and aircraft. It would be impossible to memorize all of these codes, so SABRE provides a format to decode the two and three letter codes and formats to encode the names of airports, airlines etc...Remember, to encode means to put something into code; to decode means to take something out of code. At the end of this lesson, a list of the more commonly used codes is provided. As you can see, it is beneficial to memorize the encoding and decoding formats.

Encode/Decode:

Function

Format Example  

Encode city name W/-CCNASHVILLE
Encode airport name W/-APOHARE
Encode airline name W/-ALDELTA
Decode city code W/*DEN
Decode airline code W/*AA
Decode aircraft (equipment) type W/EQ*747
Decode aircraft listed on a specific line of the CPA W/EQ*L1

 

Homework: Complete the homework for lesson 2 (Encoding/Decoding/Availability)
Thoroughly review the list of codes given below.

CODES

CITY/AIRPORT

CODE  

ACAPULCO, MX ACA
ALBANY, NY ALB
ARUBA AUA
ATLANTA, GA ATL
BALTIMORE, MD BWI
BERLIN, GERMANY TXL
BERMUDA BDA
BIRMINGHAM, AL BHM
BONAIRE BON
BOSTON, MA BOS
BUFFALO, NY BUF
CANCUN, MX CUN
CHARLESTON, SC CHS
CHARLOTTE, NC CLT
CHICAGO, IL (O’HARE) ORD
(MIDWAY ) MDW
CINCINNATI, OH CVG
CLEVELAND, OH CLE
COLUMBUS, OH CMH
DALLAS/FORT WORTH, TX DFW
(LOVE FIELD) DAL
DENVER, CO DEN
DETROIT, MI DTW
EL PASO, TX ELP
FORT LAUDERDALE, FL FLL
FORT MEYERS FL RSW
FRANKFURT GERMANY FRA
FREEPORT, GRAND BAHAMA ISLAND FPO
GRAND CAYMAN, CAYMAN ISLANDS GCM
HARTFORD, CT BDL
HONOLULU, HA HNL
HOUSTON, TX (INTERNATIONAL)
HOUSTON, TX (HOBBY)

IAH
HOU

JACKSONVILLE, FL JAX
KEY WEST, FL EYW
LAS VEGAS, NV LAS

LONDON, ENGLAND (HEATHROW)

(GATWICK)

LHR

LGW

LOS ANGELES, CA LAX
MEMPHIS, TN MEM
MEXICO CITY, MEXICO MEX
MIAMI, FL MIA
MINNEAPOLIS/ST. PAUL, MN MSP
MOBILE, AL MOB
MONTEGO BAY, JAMAICA MBJ
MONTREAL, CANADA YUL
NASHVILLE, TN BNA
NASSAU, BAHAMAS NAS
NEW ORLEANS, LA MSY
NEW YORK, NY (KENNEDY)
(LA GUARDIA)
JFK
LGA
NEWARK, NJ EWR
NORFOLK, VA ORF
OAKLAND, CA OAK
ONTARIO, CA ONT
ORANGE COUNTY, CA SNA
ORLANDO,FL MCO
PARIS, FRANCE (CHARLES DE GAULLE)
(ORLY)
CDG
ORY
PHILADELPHIA, PA PHL
PHOENIX, AZ PHX
PITTSBURGH, PA PIT
RALEIGH/DURHAM, NC RDU
RICHMOND, VA RIC
ROME, ITALY FCO
SALT LAKE CITY, UT SLC
SAN ANTONIO, TX SAT
SAN DIEGO, CA SAN
SAN FRANCISCO SFO
SAN JUAN, PUERTO RICO SJU
SEATTLE/TACOMA, WA SEA
SHANNON, IRELAND SNN
ST. LOUIS, MO STL
SINT MAARTEN/ST. MARTIN SXM
TAMPA, FL TPA
TORONTO, CANADA YYZ
TUCSON, AZ TUS
VANCOUVER, CANADA YVR

WASHINGTON, D.C. (DULLES)
WASHINGTON, D.C. (NATIONAL)

IAD
DCA
WEST PALM BEACH, FL PBI

 

 

It is a good idea to memorize as many of these codes as possible, especially the major cities. Remember, however, that encoding/decoding formats are always available to you.

AIRLINE

CODE

AER LINGUS EI
AIR FRANCE AF
AMERICAN AIRLINES
AA
BRITISH AIRWAYS BA
DELTA AIRLINES DL
EL AL AIRLINES LY
ICELANDAIR FI
LUFTHANSA LH
ROYAL DUTCH AIRWAYS (KLM) KL
SOUTHWEST AIRLINES WN
UNITED AIRLINES UA
Click here for Lesson 2 Homework
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